Whether or not someone has epilepsy, seizures can happen at unpredictable times and in inconvenient locations. Statistically, one in 10 people will have a seizure in their lifetime; the odds are that someone you know will have a seizure.
Knowing how to respond when someone has a seizure is crucial. Most seizures are not a medical emergency, and the general steps to ensure the person having a seizure remains safe are simple.
Watch our short video to learn the basics now:
General Seizure First Aid
Do not panic. Most seizures are not a medical emergency.
Time the Seizure
If the seizure lasts for more than 5 mins, call 911.
from the immediate area and keep the person safe.
restrain the person or put anything in their mouth.
The person may be disoriented as the seizure ends.
First Aid for Specific Types of Seizures
Generalized Tonic Clonic Seizure First Aid
Formerly called “Grand Mal,” a tonic clonic seizure is a convulsive seizure with loss of consciousness, muscle stiffening, falling, and jerking motions.
Time the seizure.
Turn the person on their side.
Cushion their head.
Remove glasses and loosen tight clothing.
After the seizure ends, offer reassurance.
Focal Impaired Awareness Seizure First Aid
These are non-convulsive seizures where the person shows signs of
confusion, unresponsiveness, or inappropriate behavior. Behavior may include
losing awareness or appearing to be intoxicated from drugs or alcohol.
You know (or believe it to be) the person’s first seizure
Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy (SUDEP)
SUDEP is when a seemingly healthy person with epilepsy dies unexpectedly, and the reason for death is unknown. Keeping your seizures controlled through medication or other therapies and avoiding seizure triggers is the best way to reduce your risk of SUDEP.