Pediatric Epilepsy Syndromes
by Dr. Lily Wong-Kisiel, M.D., Mayo Clinic
A syndrome diagnosis is supported by a collection of symptoms that characterize a medical condition. Epilepsy syndromes are classified by the age of seizure onset, seizure type or types, developmental history, brain imaging, and EEG findings. Accurate classification of specific pediatric epilepsy syndromes can be important for prognosis and treatment. Some epilepsy syndromes are age-limited whereas others require lifelong therapy. Some epilepsy syndromes respond particularly well to certain medications and can be worsened by others. Here are some of the best classified pediatric epilepsy syndromes, according to age of onset.
Mayo Clinic Video Asset:
Neonatal and Infantile Onset Epilepsy
Seizures beginning during first weeks of life:
Seizures beginning during infancy:
Childhood Onset Epilepsy:
Juvenile Onset Epilepsy:
A detailed history of seizure types is required for diagnosis of specific pediatric epilepsy syndrome. EEG and MRI are additional tests that may clarify the diagnosis. Continuous video EEG monitoring is helpful when sleep state is required or to record typical seizures to clarify the patient-specific seizure types. Some pediatric epilepsy syndromes can be well controlled with medications and may spontaneously remit in adolescence. Others require with accurate diagnosis and careful selection of antiepileptic drugs to minimize seizure frequency and improve quality of life.
Comprehensive Care for Individuals with Epilepsy:
At Mayo Clinic, the world’s most highly specialized epilepsy experts care for more than 7,000 adults and children with epilepsy every year. By seeking new knowledge through cutting-edge research and groundbreaking clinical trials, our experts improve diagnosis and treatments for epilepsy patients. They take the time necessary to listen, understand symptoms and concerns, and design a personalized treatment plan so each patient gets exactly the care they need.
To learn more and request an appointment, visit MayoClinic.org/epilepsy.